Sociodemographic Risk and Infants’ Emerging Language Ability: Examining the Indirect Effects of Maternal Sensitivity and Nurturance to Distress: Parenting: Vol 0, No 0

Objective. To study whether maternal sensitivity in non-distress contexts and nurturance to infants’ distress mediate the affiliation in between cumulative sociodemographic threat and children’s emerging language means. Style. Individuals had been a local community sample of moms and their infants (n = 99). In the course of an first dwelling pay a visit to, moms and infants 6 to 12 months outdated had been videorecorded in the course of free-engage in and infant distress-eliciting responsibilities, and moms provided demographic information and facts. Maternal behaviors had been coded for sensitivity and nurturance to distress. 6 months after the dwelling pay a visit to, moms claimed children’s language means. Cumulative threat was a latent variable with dichotomous indicators of large faculty education or less, income-to-desires ratio <1, maternal age ≤21, single parenthood, and minority status. Child language, a latent variable with five percentile scores as indicators, was regressed onto sensitivity, nurturance, and the latent risk variable. The indirect effects between sociodemographic risk and child language outcome via sensitivity and nurturance to distress were also estimated. Outcomes. Danger was negatively associated with maternal sensitivity and nurturance to distress in infancy. Sensitivity, but not nurturance to distress, mediated the affiliation in between threat and youngster language means in between twelve and 22 months of age. Conclusions. Maternal sensitivity in non-distress contexts may depict an significant target of intervention systems aimed at enhancing early language improvement amongst large-threat households.